• Faithful to my Homeland, the Republic of Poland



  • 28 September 2017

    Similarities and differences in the destinies of Poland and Denmark during World War I were debated at the University of Copenhagen.

    “During World War I, while Denmark strived to convince the fighting powers that the country was small and insignificant, Poland did everything in its power to show that the Polish nation was numerous, important and able to play a significant role in the war”, claimed prof. Uffe Østergaard during the debate “Nation and the Art of Balance” on 18 September 2017 at the Copenhagen University.


    The debate with key-note speakers: prof. Uffe Østergaard, prof. Marek Kornat and prof. Claus Bundgård Christensen was organized by the Embassy of the Republic of Poland in cooperation with the Fort Mosede Museum and the University of Copenhagen. It focused on the geopolitical changes in Europe in the aftermath of World War I as well as on the political and diplomatic aspirations of Denmark and Poland aimed at ensuring their national interests. In the case of Denmark, the goal was to keep neutrality and to avoid a war, be it with the Entente or the so-called Triple Alliance. For the Poles, who were at that time striving for independence, the war between the powers who by the end of the18th century partitioned the country, created the long awaited opportunity to place the question of Polish independence again at the center of the European diplomatic agenda. Prof. M. Kornat of the Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences presented the Polish way to independence from 1914 to 1918, focusing on both, the political developments and the conflicting visions of the new state designed by Józef Piłsudski and Roman Dmowski. He concluded that whilst at the beginning of the ‘Great War’ the ‘Polish question’ didn’t attract much attention of the great powers, as the war went on the Polish nation and Polish independence became a key element of the political landscape of Europe.


    The debate was followed by an invitation to visit the Mosede Fort Museum in Greve, a partner of the project. During the visit the Danish and Polish historians made parallels to the debate held earlier in the day. The Mosede Fort Museum highlights the history of Denmark during World War I – visitors are confronted with the challenges of the Danish neutrality policy and the country’s military preparations (in case Denmark would have entered into the war) as well as the implications of the British blockade of Germany, which resulted in a shortage of food and an enforced regulation system in that regard in Denmark. The exhibition also underlines the fact that the experiences of the war of 1914-1918 paradoxically laid the foundations for the development of the Danish welfare state.


    Both, the debate at the University of Copenhagen and the discussions at the Mosede Fort Museum were part of the commemoration of the 150th anniversary of the birth of Marshall Józef Piłsudski (1867), founder of the Poland’s revival after 123 years of the foreign powers’ thralldom. They simultaneously inaugurated the celebrations of the 100th anniversary of regaining independence by Poland (1918-2018).

    debata na KU3
    debata na KU2
    debata na KU1
    debata na KU4

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